Sheryl Flynn PT Ph.D – Founder & CEO
President and CEO Blue Marble Rehab Inc., obtained her Physical Therapy degree from New York University and then received her Ph.D. in Motor Learning and Control and completed a 3-year post-doctoral fellowship in Neuroscience at the McKnight Brain Institute at the University of Florida. After enjoying teaching and research at Georgia State University, she left to take a position at the Institute of Creative Technologies working with Virtual Iraq pioneer Albert “Skip” Rizzo. While at ICT lab Dr. Flynn’s vision became clear, put games into the hands of those who need them by creating a company dedicated to building applications for physical and cognitive therapy.
Dr. Flynn’s CV (Updated June 2012)
Post-Doctoral Fellowship- Department of Neuroscience, College of Medicine, University of FloridaAssociate Investigator, Brain Rehabilitation Research Center, Malcom Randall VA Medical Center. Gainesville FL.Thesis: Enriched Environment Effects on Neuroplasticity following Nervous System Injury. Mentor: Paul J. Reier 2002-2005
Ph.D. Motor Control/Neuroscience. Dissertation: Activity Dependent Neuroplasticity following Locomotor Training in the Incomplete Spinal Cord Injured Adult Rat. Mentors: Andrea Behrman PT PhD, James Cauraugh PhD, Floyd Thompson PhD. University of Florida 1997– 2001
Certificate in Gerontology. University of Florida,1996-1998
MHS Physical Therapy. Masters Thesis: Is the Timed “Up and Go” Test an effective measure of functional performance in individuals with Parkinson’s disease? Mentor: Andrea Behrman PT PhD. University of Florida 1995– 1997
Certificate, American College of Sports Medicine, Personal Trainer 1993.
Certificate, Advanced EKG Interpretation, American Heart Association 1992
BS Physical Therapy. New York University 1989 – 1991
Executive Director of Research, Precision Rehabilitation, Long Beach California
Staff Physical Therapist, St John’s Health Center, Santa Monica, California
Staff Physical Therapist, Shepherd Center, Atlanta, Georgia
Staff Physical Therapist, Shands Rehabilitation Hospital, Gainesville, Florida
Staff Physical Therapist, Shands at Alachua General Hospital, Gainesville, Florida
Staff Physical Therapist, The Oaks Skilled Nursing Facility, Gainesville, Florida
Staff Physical Therapist, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York City, New York
Staff Physical Therapist, Board of Education, New York City, New York
Physical Therapy, California
Physical Therapy, New York
Physical Therapy, Florida
Physical Therapy, Georgia
Reset-Rehabilitation Environment Using Surface Technology. Department of the Army, US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity. PI S. M. Flynn.
Game Based Well Being: Department of the Army, US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, Partner-PI S. M. Flynn.
Treasure of Bell Island (Cognitive Motor Therapy Using Game Console): Department of the Army, US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity. PI S. M. Flynn.
Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center: Optimizing Participation Through Technology (OPTT): National Institute for Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR), PI Carolee Winstein, Subcontract with S. M. Flynn PT, PhD
Low Cost Webcam and Off The Shelf Game Interfaces (Nintendo WiiTM) to Produce VR Systems for Home-Based Motor TeleRehabilitation After Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury, and Amputation. USAMRMC, PI Skip Rizzo, Co-PI S. M. Flynn
The GSU-ING-ATC Partnership for Interdisciplinary Assessments of Recreational Endurance Athletes: A Pilot Study During Inaugural 2007 GA Marathon Events Georgia State University. Co-PI S. M. Flynn
Virtual Reality based Rehabilitation after Central Nervous System Injury. Gerogia State University. P.I. S. M. Flynn
Effects of patterned neural activity and training on neural transplant function. Brain Spinal Cord Injury Research Trust Fund. P.I.S. M. Flynn; Co-PIs: Paul J. Reier, Ph.D., Richard Johnson, Ph.D., Don Bolser, Ph.D.
Associate Investigator VA RR&D Brain Rehabilitation Research Center Malcom Randall VA Medical Center. Gainesville FL. P.I. S. M. Flynn
Center for Neurobiological Studies Predoctoral Traineeship University of Florida Brain Institute, P.I. S. M. Flynn
Foundation for Physical Therapy Promotion of Doctoral Studies Program Level II Award, P.I. S. M. Flynn
Bonnie L Kennedy OTR/L, PhD; Sheryl Flynn PT, PhD, Belinda Lange PhD, Rachel Proffitt OTR/L, OTD. Expanding the Scope of Design and Quality Assurance in the Context fo Serious Games for Rehabilitation. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, Conference Preceedings, Newport Beach CA 2012.
Yeh S, McLaughlin M, Nam Y, Sanders S, Chang C, Kennedy B, Flynn S, Lange B, Li L, Chen S, Whitford M, Winstein C, Jung Y and Rizzo A. Emotions and Telerehabilitation: Pilot Clinical Trials for Virtual Telerehabilitation Application Using Haptic Device and its Impact on Post Stroke Patients’ Mood and Motivation. Proceedings of the HCI International 2011 (in press). “Best Paper Award in the Virtual and Mixed Reality” Affiliated Conference/Thematic Area
Lange BS, Flynn SM, Chang K, Rizzo AA, Bolas M. Breath: A game to motivate the adherence of breathing exercises. JOPTE (in press).
Lange B.S., Flynn S.M., Chang C.Y., Liang W., Chieng C.L., Si Y., Nanavati C., and Rizzo A.A. Development of an interactive stepping game to reduce falls in the elderly. Special Issue of the Journal on Disability and Human Development (in press).
Lange BS, Flynn SM, Chang K, Proffitt R, Rizzo A. Development of an interactive game-based rehabilitation tool for dynamic balance training. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation 2010: 17(5); 345-352.
Lange BS, Requero P, Flynn SM, Rizzo AA, Valero-Cuevas F, Baker L, Winstein C. The Potential of Virtual Reality and Gaming to Assist Successful Aging with Disability. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2010:21(2); 339-56.
B S Lange1, S M Flynn1, C Y Chang1, A Ahmed2, Y Geng2, K Utsav2, M Xu2, D Seok2, S Cheng2 and A A Rizzo (2010) Development of an interactive rehabilitation game using the Nintendo® WiiFit™ Balance Board for people with neurological injury Proc. 8th Intl Conf. Disability, Virtual Reality & Associated Technologies Viña del Mar/Valparaíso, Chile, 31 Aug. – 2 Sept. 2010
S M Flynn B S Lange (2010) Games for Rehabilitation: The Voice of the Players Proc. 8th Intl Conf. Disability, Virtual Reality & Associated Technologies Viña del Mar/Valparaíso, Chile, 31 Aug. – 2 Sept. 2010
Lange B, Flynn S, Rizzo A: Initial usability assessment of off-the-shelf video game consoles for clinical game-based motor rehabilitation Phys Ther Reviews 2009;14 (5):355-363.
Lange B, Flynn S, Rizzo A: Game-based Telerehabilitation: The European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. 2009;45: 143-51.
Chetan P Phadke, Ph.D.; Sheryl M Flynn, Ph.D.; Floyd J Thompson, Ph.D.; Andrea L Behrman, Ph.D.; Mark H Trimble, Ph.D.; Carl G Kukulka, Ph.D. Comparison of single bout effects of bicycle training versus locomotor training on paired reflex depression of the soleus H-reflex after motor incomplete spinal cord injury Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Jan 2009.
Flynn S.M., Lange B.S., Rizzo A.A. (2008) Virtual Reahbilitation: What do those with disabilities want? International Conference Disability Proc 7th, Intl Conf Virtual Realtiy & Associated Technologies, September 2008
Thigpen, M.T., Cauraugh, J., Creel, G., Day, K., Flynn S., Fritz, S., Frost, S., Respess, R., Gardner-Smith, P., Brack, M., Behrman, A. (2008). Adaptation of postural responses during different standing perturbation conditions in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury. Gait & Posture.
Flynn SM, Ghate N, Copar S, Harris M. Effects of Virtual Reality Immersion in Individuals with Central Nervous System Injury. Presence Preceedings, October 2007.
Flynn SM, Bender A, Palma P. A Low-Cost Virtual Reality Device to Improve Function after Stroke: A case study. Journal of Neurological Physical Therapy December 2007.
Class Co-Coordinator with Belinda Lange PhD- Directed Research Course College of Engineering and College of Computer Science, University of Southern California, 2008-Present. Mentored more than 90 students in game design, development and interface development for the RERC grant and other games developed by ICT/USC.
Assistant Professor: Division of Physical Therapy, College of Health and Human Sciences, Georgia State University: Advanced Neuroscience- Fall 2005, 2006, Scientific Inquiry III- Fall 2005, 2006, Spring 2006, 2007, Motor Control- Spring 2006, 2007, Movement Sciences Summer 2006, 2007, Basic Neuroscience/Neuroanatomy Fall 2006.
Assistant Professor: Department of Athletic Training and Physical Therapy, College of Health, University of North Florida: Neuroscience for Physical Therapists- Spring 2005, Differential Diagnosis- Spring 2005.
Adjunct Faculty: Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, University of Florida. Neuroscience for Physical Therapists-Fall 2003, 2004
Lecturer: Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Professions, University of Florida. Introduction to Physical Therapy; Summer 2000
Innovations in Neuro-Rehabilitation, NeuroConsortium. November 2012
Guide to Game Based Rehabilitation, Department of Physical Therapy, Mount St Mary’s College, Los Angeles CA. Spring 2011 (x2), 2012
Guide to Game Based Rehabilitation, Kinesiology Department, Westmont College, Santa Barbara CA, Spring 2011, 2012
Gerontology Graduate Course on Obtaining Government Funding Spring 2010, 2011, 2012
Directed Research, University of Southern California, Institute for Creative Technologies, Spring 2008, 2009, 2010 and Fall 2009, Spring 2010, Fall 2010, Spring 2011
Exergaming for the Aging Population, Spring 2010 Multidisciplinary Research Colloquium series in Aging, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA March 2010, 2011
Flynn SM Sharp Brains Summit, Invited Speaker, What paths to market and business models will enable the commercialization of research-based innovation?, Los Angeles, CA June 8, 2012
Flynn SM, Ian Bogost, Barbara Chamberlin, Ernie Medina. Over a Billion Dollars Can’t Be Wrong: Is Exergaming Success a Vicotory for Serious Games? Game Developers Conference, Serious Games Summit. San Francisco, CA March 9, 2010
Flynn SM. Games for Rehabilitation Online Survey, Preliminary Results. HealthCon2009. Sydney Australia, December 2009.
Flynn SM. Games for Rehabilitation, Pune, India. December 2009.
Flynn SM, Lange BS, Wilken J. (2009) Integrating Virtual Reality into Clinical Practice, IVR, Israel June 2009.
Lange B, Silverman M, Flynn S, Heurta A, Rizzo A and Bolas M: Breath: A game to motivate the compliance of post operative breathing exercises. Platform presentation. Virtual Rehabilitation 2009, Haifa, Israel June 28-July 2 2009.
Flynn, SM. (2007) Presence in Individuals with Central Nervous System Injury. Barcelona, Spain.
Flynn SM. (2001) “Activity-dependent neuroplasticity following locomotor training in the spinal cord injured adult rat.” Functional recovery after spinal cord injury. 2001; Monte Verita, Ascona, Switzerland.
Flynn SM Innovations in NeuroRehab, Neurologic Physical Therapy Professional Education Consortium (CPTPEC). Fall 2012
Flynn SM, Lange BS Getting it into the hands of the player, Academia to Small Business Transition, Games for Health, Boston 2012
Yeh S, McLaughlin M, Nam Y, Sanders S, Chang C, Kennedy B, Flynn S, Lange B, Li L, Chen S, Whitford M, Winstein C, Jung Y and Rizzo A. Emotions and Telerehabilitation: Pilot Clinical Trials for Virtual Telerehabilitation Application Using Haptic Device and its Impact on Post Stroke Patients’ Mood and Motivation. HCI International 2011, 9-14 July 2011, Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek, Orlando, Florida.
Flynn SM. Chair Games For Health- Annual Rehabilitation Tract. Boston 2011, 2012
Flynn SM. Healing Heros PI Meeting. Washington DC. Feb 2011. (Invited speaker)
Flynn SM, Antonisse J, Kennedy B. Treasure of Bell Island. MMVR18 TATRC Booth Presentation.
Flynn SM, Latz R. Co-Coordinator Technopalooza: An Interactive Experience, CSM APTA, New Orleans Feb 2011.
Flynn SM. Darder B, Wilkenson J. Using Virtual Reality and Games to Augment Physical Therapy Practice. CSM 2011, New Orleans LA. Feb 2011.
Lange BS, Flynn SM. Breath: A game to motivate the compliance of breathing. CSM APTA, New Orleans Feb 2011.
Flynn SM and Lange BS. Gaming and Rehabilitation, RESNA, Las Vegas, NV. June 26-27, 2010
Flynn SM. How we got to where we are going- a historical perspective on video games and motor rehabilitation. National Institutes of Health Workshop on Virtual Reality Technologies Treating Obesity and Disabilities. July 15-16, 2010
Flynn SM. Power of Play, American Heart Association/Nintendo Invited participant. San Francisco Jan 2011.
Flynn SM. Chair Games For Health- 1st Annual Rehabilitation Tract. Boston 2010
Deutsch, J, Flynn SM, Lange BS. Gaming Augmented Physical Therapy: Beyond the Wii. CSM, APTA, San Diego, CA. Feb 16, 2010
YehS, McLaughlin M, Nam Y, Sanders S, Chang C, Kennedy B, Flynn S, Lange B, Li L, Chen S, Whitford M, Winstein C, Jung Y and Rizzo A. Emotions and Telerehabilitation: Pilot Clinical Trials for Virtual Telerehabilitation Application Using Haptic Device and its Impact on Post Stroke Patients’ Mood and Motivation. HCI International 2011, 9-14 July 2011, Hilton Orlando Bonnet Creek, Orlando, Florida.
Flynn SM. Game Design Considerations for Video Games for Rehabilitation. Games for Health, Boston June 2009.
Lange B, Silverman M, Flynn S, Heurta A, Rizzo A and Bolas M: Breath: Motivation of breathing exercises. Presentation, demonstration and exhibit. Games 4 Health 2009, Boston June 2009.
Flynn S, Lange B: Games for rehabilitation: Virtual reality, Robots and more. Invited 90 minute keynote. Western States Osteopathic Association National Meeting. Las Vegas, NV, April 1 2009.
Flynn, SM. Video Games for Rehabilitation, San Gabriel Valley CPTA District Meeting, City of Hope, May 2009.
Lange B, Flynn S, Yeh SC, Rizzo AA: Rehabilitation of Upper Limb Extremity Bimanual Coordination Tasks Using a Novel Bimanual Novint Falcon Application and Specifically Designed Game Based Task. Poster presentation Medicine Meets Virtual Reality MMVR 17 NextMed: Design for /the Well Being, Long Beach, January 19-22 2009.
Flynn S, Lange B, Yeh SC, Rizzo AA: Virtual Reality Systems Using Low-Cost Webcam and Off-the-Shelf Game Interfaces for Motor Rehabilitation after Traumatic Brain Injury, Spinal Cord Injury and Amputation. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality MMVR 17 NextMed: Design for /the Well Being, Long Beach, January 19-22 2009.
Flynn S.M. (2008-present) Neuroscience for Rehabilitation Professionals. Knowledge Seminars. Precision Rehabilitation. 1.6 CEU provided.
Flynn SM. (2004-present) Dogwood Institute Continuing Education Course entitled “Functional Neuroanatomy”. Taught in Florida, Texas, Pennsylvania, Oregon, Illionis, Georgia, Alabama, Tennessee, New York, Connecticut.
Flynn SM. (2002) “Locomotor training improves recovery of walking following contusion injury in the adult rat”. American Physical Therapy Association Combined Sections Meeting, Boston, February 2002.
Mohamed O, Flynn S, Lange B, Chan W, Polcyn R, Ghovanlou s, Snyder R, Warner T; Use of the Wii Fit as an Intervention to Improve Balance and Reduce The Risk of Falling in Group of Elderly Individuals. Department of Physical Therapy California State University Long Beach CA. September 2010
Flynn SM. Video Games for Rehabilitation, California Physical Therapy Association Annual Conference, Pasadena, CA, October 2009
Flynn SM. (2006) “Neuroanatomy: Review and Updates” PTAG Fall Conference. September 2006. Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy after Stroke. Florida Physical Therapy Association Annual Meeting, May 2002.
“Is the timed “Up and Go” test an effective measure of functional performance in individuals with Parkinson’s disease? ” Presented to: Florida Physical Therapy Association Fall Conference. Orlando, FL, 1997.
Flynn SM Games for Rehabilitation. Center for Neuro Skills, Los Angeles CA
Flynn SM Clinicians Guide to Game Based Rehabilitation, Mount St Mary’s College, March 2011, May 2011
Flynn SM Whats Hot In Aging Conference, University of Southern California, March 2011
Flynn SM Video Games for Health- Spinal Cord Injury Support Group, Los Angeles, CA, March 2011
Flynn SM. Interdisciplinary Research Conference. Graduate Student Counsel University of Florida, Invited Speaker. Feb 2011.
Flynn SM. Gaming for Stroke: Optimizing Off-The-Shelf Video Games for Rehabilitation. Orange County Stroke Rehab Network (OCSRN). Stroke Rehabilitation Continuing Education Workshop. Chapman University. Nov 2010.
Lange B and Flynn SM. Using Gaming Technology for Fun and Fitness. Margaret Jones Conference on Cerebral Palsy- UCLA Family Forum. Los Angeles, CA, November 6, 2010 (invited workshop).
Flynn SM, Lange BS. Exergaming and Aging. Retired Teachers Association, Los Angeles County. Feb 12, 2010, September 2010, October 2010
Flynn SM, Lange BS. Technology meets Rehabilitation: Virtual Reality Gaming, Robots and More. Knowledge Seminars. St. Jude Hospital, Brea California October 2-3, 2009.
Flynn SM Video Games and Rehabilitation, Orange County Physical Therapy Assocition meeting. Orange County, CA, September 2009
Flynn SM Video Games and Rehabilitation, San Gabriel Valley District Meeting, Los Angeles County, CA, May 28, 2009
Flynn SM Video Games and Rehabilitation, Society of Women Engineers (SWE), February 23, 2009, California State University Long Beach, Long Beach CA
Flynn SM Neuroplasticity and Locomotor Training. Center for Healthy Communities, The California Endowment, October 28, 2008.
Flynn SM Neuroscience A Review. Division of Physical Therapy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia. January 2006
Flynn SM Recovery of function following cervical contusion spinal cord injury. Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville Florida. November 5, 2003.
Flynn SM Behavioral Speed and the Aging Population. University of North Florida, Jacksonville FL. June 26, 2003.
Flynn SM Eshkol Wachman Movement Notation. University of Florida, Gainesville FL. June 11, 2003
Flynn SM Eshkol Wachman Movement Notation and its application to physical therapy. University of North Florida, Jacksonville FL. March 23, 2003.
Flynn SM The language of movement. Brain Rehabilitation Research Seminar Series Center. Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville FL. Feb 5, 2003.
Flynn SM Constraint Induced Movement Thearpy after Stroke. Shands Hand Club, Gainesville, Florida. July, 2002.
Flynn SM Neuroplasticity. University of North Florida. Department of Physical Therapy. 2001, 2002.
Flynn SM Locomotor training in the incomplete spinal cord injured rat. Spinal Cord Journal Club, April 22, 2000, University of Florida Brain Institute, Gainesville Florida.
Flynn SM Activity-dependent Neuroplasticity in the contused injured rat. Southeast Nerve Net 16th Annual Meeting, Whitney Laboratory, University of Florida, St. Augustine FL, April, 2000
Flynn SM Activity dependent neuroplasticity after spinal cord injury. Presented at Neuroscience Noons, June 9,1999. University of Florida Brain Institute, Gainesville Florida.
X-Prize Advisor 2011, 2012
American Physical Therapy Association, l989 – present
North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, l999- 2002
Society for Neuroscience 2003-
Neurology Section – Previous Award Committee Chair Spring 2007-2010, Strategic Planning Committee 2011
TED-ED member- 2010
National Institues of Health Center for Scientific Review Special Emphasis Panel MOSS-F 15B- MOSS 15 July 2010
American Physical Therapy Association- Journal of Neurological Physical Therapy
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development; Department of Veterans Affairs Rehabilitation Research and Development Service;
Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology of North America (RESNA)
Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
Journal of NeuroRehabilitation and Neural Repair
Journal of Play
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Journal of Novel Physiotherapies
Games For Health Journal
2012 Award for Excellence, United States Army, Los Angeles Battalion
2011 Best Paper Award in the “Virtual and Mixed Reality” Affiliated Conference/Thematic Area
2011 Who’s Who of Executives, Professionals and Entrepreneurs
2011 Invited X-Prize Think Tank Member
2010 21st Annual Long Beach Research Symposium, 1st Place
2010 Researcher of the Month, Foundation for Physical Therapy
2009 EveryBody Can! AAPAR’s Physical Activity Video, Contest Judge, www.youtube.com/group/EveryBodyCan
2002 Post-Professional Student Research Award. Neurology Section, American Physical Therapy Association
2000 Poster Session First Place Awardee in Human Physiology and External Influences. University of Florida College of Health Professions
1996 Poster Session First Place Awardee University of Florida College of Health Professions Thirteenth Annual research Fair, Graduate Student Research Award, for Masters thesis: S. Flynn, A. Behrman, K. Light, M. Thigpen. Is the Timed “Up and Go” Test an effective measure of functional performance in individuals with Parkinson’s disease?
1995-1999 Full Tuition Scholarship, University of Florida
1991 Authur J. Nelsen Award for Electrotherapy, New York University $1,000
1991 Ida Bodman Service and Leadership Award, New York University
1990-1991 Full Tuition Scholarship, New York University
1990 Ida Bodman Service and Leadership Award, New York University
1990 Student Fellowship Program, Rusk Institute, New York University
1989-1990 Half Tuition Scholarship, New York University
1985-1989 Phi Theta Kappa National Honor Society
Surrogates (2009) Touchstone Pictures (SELF)